THE World Reputation Rankings 2012

1. Harvard
2. MIT
3. Cambridge
4. Stanford
5. Berkeley
6. Oxford,
7. Princeton,
8. Tokyo
10. Yale

US and UK stars still shine, but sunrise seen in the East

15 March 2012

By Jack Grove

Asia and Europe up the pace as Harvard tops THE World Reputation
Rankings. Jack Grove reports

US and UK stars still shine, but sunrise seen in the East
Credit: Alamy
Gaining speed: experts say Asian universities' reputational boost is
attributable in part to growing investment in higher education by
their respective governments

Two UK institutions have dropped out of Times Higher Education's
academic prestige top 100 in the face of increased competition from
Asia and mainland Europe.

Harvard University tops the Times Higher Education World Reputation
Rankings, published on 15 March, followed by the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology and the University of Cambridge - an unchanged
top three from last year's inaugural survey.

Stanford University leapfrogs its neighbour, the University of
California, Berkeley, to take fourth spot, while the University of
Oxford completes an elite group of six "super brands".

The US dominates the rankings, based on a worldwide poll of more than
17,500 academics, with 44 universities in the global top 100, followed
by the UK with 10 institutions. However, both nations have ceded
ground to universities in East Asia and continental Europe.

Imperial College London, University College London, the University of
Edinburgh and the University of Bristol have all slipped down the
table, and the University of Sheffield and the London School of
Hygiene and Tropical Medicine have both exited the top 100.

Meanwhile, Chinese universities performed well, with Tsinghua
University up to 30th from 35th place and Peking University rising to
38th from 43rd.

The University of Hong Kong, National Taiwan University and the
National University of Singapore all rose this year, while Japan has
five institutions in the top 100.

Germany's top universities, led by Ludwig-Maximilians University
Munich (up from 48th to 42nd), have also enjoyed a rise in overall
prestige, following increased investment from the German government's
Excellence Initiative.

New entrants include the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in Israel,
the University of São Paulo, in Brazil, and the Middle East Technical
University, in Turkey.

Philip Altbach, director of the Center for International Higher
Education at Boston College, said the rise of Asian universities in
the rankings reflected their growing standing globally.

"As [they] receive more attention in the media and more academic
leaders globally have a chance to visit countries such as China,
universities in the region are likely to become better known," he

But Wendy Piatt, director general of the Russell Group of large
research-intensive universities - which represents all 10 UK entries
in the top 100 - suggested that the rise of other countries'
institutions reflected greater state investment in higher education.

"The UK's leading universities punch well above their weight, and
their global reputation remains very strong," she said. "But we are
concerned that our global competitors in the US, East Asia and Europe
are pumping billions into higher education, and money really matters.

"If the UK is to remain a global leader in higher education, the
government must concentrate investment where it will have the most
impact: in our world-class research-intensive universities."

Sally Hunt, general secretary of the University and College Union,
said "ill-thought-through" government policy meant that the sector was
in the grip of "funding uncertainty". "Our brilliant universities need
secure and sustained funding if we are to maintain our proud
international position," she said.

Phil Baty, editor of the Times Higher Education rankings, said: "While
top reputations can take many years, even centuries to build, in
today's information-rich and interconnected world, universities cannot
sit back and rely on their history. New forces are emerging and signs
of declining performance are quickly identified, shared and spread.
Established reputations can be highly vulnerable.

"Our data provide clear evidence that in terms of prestige among
academics around the world, there is the start of a power shift from
the West to the East."